Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 54 / Number 1 / July 2008 / Pages 27-30
Technical Paper / Iter and Fusion
To investigate the key design aspects of the storage and delivery system (SDS) bed in ITER, rates of a hydriding, dehydriding and isotope effects on the H/D composition during a rapid delivery were experimentally investigated by using small tube-type reactors with different packing heights. Hydrogen recovery times for a shorter packing-height bed (20~40mm) decreased exponentially with an increasing initial hydrogen pressure, but increased by approximately two orders of a magnitude in a longer packing-height bed (145mm). Dehydriding rate increases exponentially with an increase in the relative heating area per unit weight of ZrCo powder and decreases in the packing-height of ZrCo hydride. Continuous isotopic compositional change inevitably occurs during the entire delivery time due to the known isotope effect in the metal-hydrogen systems. To overcome the isotope effect during a delivery from the SDS beds, an alternative operation method was suggested for the fuel supply from the SDS.