Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 60 / Number 4 / November 2011 / Pages 1431-1435
Detritiation and Isotope Separation / Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Tritium Science and Technology (Part 2)
The Coolant Purification System (CPS) together with the Tritium Extraction System (TES) and Helium Cooling System (HCS) are the principal auxiliary circuits of HCLL and HCPB TBMs to be tested in ITER. Among them, CPS is used to extract tritium from the cooling primary circuit as well as to guarantee the removal of gas impurities which could interact with structural material. Based on considerations in terms of safety, tritium accountancy and process control, instrumentation philosophy requires real-time tritium monitoring (which might be not very accurate) to control the processes in both TBM helium loops and special tritium accountancy procedure with regard to the interface with other sub-systems of the Tritium Plant. Furthermore, in addition to chemical speciation of the flow, the control of the process requires the measurement of other parameters such as flow rates, pressures and temperatures. For each monitored parameter, this paper describes the most suitable technologies, including a review of advantages, drawbacks and possible ways of improvement.