Nuclear Technology / Volume 168 / Number 3 / December 2009 / Pages 694-699
Accelerators / Special Issue on the 11th International Conference on Radiation Shielding and the 15th Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division (PART 3) / Radiation Measurements and Instrumentation
The evaluation of radioactivity induced in the concrete shield is important for the decommissioning of accelerator facilities. Specific activities of gamma-ray emitters of nuclear spallation products and thermal neutron capture products and beta-ray emitters such as tritium and 14C, and 36Cl in the concrete shield along the 12-GeV proton beam line (EP1 beam line, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization) were determined. The depth profiles of the radioactivity of each nuclide in the 6-m-thick concrete shield of the beam lines were compared, and the secondary particles and induced nuclear reactions were discussed.