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Residual Radioactive Nuclide Formation in 0.8-GeV Proton-Irradiated Extended Pb Target

Yury Titarenko, Viacheslav Batyaev, Alexey Titarenko, Michael Butko, Kirill Pavlov, Sergey Florya, Roman Tikhonov, Nikolai Sobolevsky, Stepan Mashnik, Waclaw Gudowski, Nikolai Mokhov, Igor Rakhno

Nuclear Technology / Volume 168 / Number 3 / December 2009 / Pages 631-636

Accelerators / Special Issue on the 11th International Conference on Radiation Shielding and the 15th Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division (PART 3) / Radiation Protection /

This work presents results of activation-aided determination of threshold reaction rates (RRs) in 92 samples of 209Bi, natPb, 197Au, 181Ta, 169Tm, natIn, 93Nb, 64Zn, 65Cu, 63Cu, 59Co, 19F, and 12C and in 121 samples of 27Al. All the samples are aligned with the proton beam axis inside and outside the demountable 92-cm-thick Pb target of 15-cm diameter assembled of 23 4-cm-thick discs. The samples are placed on 12 target disks to reproduce the long axis distribution of protons and neutrons. The target was exposed to an 800-MeV proton beam. The total number of protons onto the target was (6.0 ± 0.5) × 1015 . The RRs were determined by the direct gamma spectrometry techniques. In total, 1196 gamma spectra have been measured, and about 1500 RRs have been determined. The measured RRs were simulated by the MCNPX and SHIELD codes. A generally acceptable agreement of simulations with experimental data has been found.

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