Nuclear Technology / Volume 168 / Number 2 / November 2009 / Pages 482-486
Shielding / Special Issue on the 11th International Conference on Radiation Shielding and the 15th Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division (Part 2) / Radiation Protection
Experimental studies of shielding and radiation effects are carried out at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL) under collaboration between FNAL and Japan, aiming at benchmarking simulation codes and studying irradiation effects for the upgrade and design of new high-energy accelerator facilities. The purposes of this collaboration are (a) acquisition of shielding data in a proton beam energy region above 100 GeV, (b) further evaluation of predictive accuracy of the PHITS and MARS codes, (c) modification of physics models and data in these codes if needed, (d) characterization of radiation fields for studies of radiation effects, and (e) development of a code module for an improved description of radiation effects.
The first campaign of the experiment was carried out at the Pbar target station and NuMI experimental station at FNAL, which use irradiation of targets with 120-GeV protons for antiproton and neutrino production, respectively. The generated secondary particles passing through steel, concrete, and rock were measured by activation methods as well as by other detectors such as a scintillator with a veto counter, phoswich detector, and a Bonner ball counter on trial. Preliminary experimental and calculated results are presented.