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A Design Study for a New Neutron Counter Based on an Annular Tube-Type 3He Detector Through a Monte Carlo Simulation

H. S. Shin, J. S. Joo, K. J. Park, T. H. Lee, J. H. Jung, C. Y. Lee, H. D. Kim

Nuclear Technology / Volume 168 / Number 1 / October 2009 / Pages 50-54

Detectors / Special Issue on the 11th International Conference on Radiation Shielding and the 15th Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division (Part 1) / Radiation Measurements and Instrumentation /

A new well-type neutron counter that is composed of a double-layered annular tube 3He detector, a polyethylene moderator, and a lead gamma shield has been conceptually designed through an MCNPX simulation. A computer program that generates MCNPX input simulating neutron counter performance has been developed with 28 parameters to describe the geometrical structure of the neutron counter and source position. The neutron counter has been optimized to have 72.0-cm diameter × 68.3-cm height with a double-layered annular tube 3He detector of 50-cm length and 2.5-cm thickness through repeated MCNPX simulation with the computer program. The neutron counting efficiency appeared to be >42.4%, and the spatial variance in the sample cavity of the counter was estimated to be <3% for its available space.

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