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Preliminary Waste Characterization Measurements in FiR 1 TRIGA Research Reactor Decommissioning Project

Antti Räty, Tommi Kekki, Merja Tanhua-Tyrkkö, Tiina Lavonen, Emmi Myllykylä

Nuclear Technology / Volume 203 / Number 2 / August 2018 / Pages 205-220

Technical Paper /

Received:June 30, 2017
Accepted:February 21, 2018
Published:July 3, 2018

The objective of the study has been to verify the calculated residual activity in the decommissioning waste of the TRIGA Mark II–type research reactor FiR 1 in Finland. Knowledge of the radioactive inventory of irradiated materials is important in the planning of decommissioning activities and is essential for predicting the radiological impact to personnel and the environment. Measurements are performed for low active material samples from outer parts of the reactor. Methods include gamma spectrometric measurements, composition measurements with mass spectrometry, oxidation measurements of especially 14C in graphite, and full combustion measurements of lithium-enriched shielding materials. Results are compared to estimates calculated with a combined Monte Carlo model of the reactor and a point-depletion code modeling the irradiation history. Decommissioning waste consists mainly of ordinary concrete, aluminum, steel, and graphite parts. Only preliminary measurements of low active samples are reported so far, but the same methods will be used later for characterizing and classifying dismantling waste. Some discussion of characterization requirements and future sampling is also included.