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Numerical Study of Integral Inherently Safe Light Water Reactor in Case of Inadvertent DHR Operation Based on the Multiscale Method

Mingjun Wang, Annalisa Manera, Victor Petrov, Suizheng Qiu, Wenxi Tian, G. H. Su

Nuclear Technology / Volume 203 / Number 2 / August 2018 / Pages 194-204

Technical Paper /

Received:August 1, 2017
Accepted:February 23, 2018
Published:July 3, 2018

In detailed previous work by the authors, an innovative decay heat removal (DHR) system has been proposed and designed for the Integral Inherently Safe Light Water Reactor (I2S-LWR). The current paper studies the inadvertent actuation of one DHR system train during I2S-LWR normal operation due to a false signal or operator action. The RELAP5 code is used to perform a one-dimensional study, and important thermal-hydraulic characteristics, including primary loop coolant flow rate, pressure, temperature, DHR primary-side flow rate, and coolant temperature, are achieved during this transient. Then, a detailed computational fluid dynamics simulation utilizing STARCCM+ is carried out to investigate the coolant mixing characteristics in the downcomer and lower plenum and obtain the local thermal-hydraulic conditions at the reactor core inlet. It is found that as a consequence of inadvertent DHR actuation, the maximum overcooling at the reactor core inlet is about 3 K, which would not result in significant reactivity insertion. Furthermore, a more severe transient of inadvertent DHR operation with intermediate loop break is studied, and the results show that this would not lead to more significant overcooling to the I2S-LWR core compared with inadvertent DHR operation without intermediate loop break. This work is an indispensable supplement for DHR system comprehensive assessment in the I2S-LWR project.