Nuclear Technology / Volume 196 / Number 2 / November 2016 / Pages 346-354
Technical Paper / dx.doi.org/10.13182/NT16-26
A research team at the University of Wisconsin has constructed a 1/4-scale experimental facility to study natural circulation cooling in an air-cooled reactor cavity cooling system (ARCCS) for decay heat removal. The ARCCS uses the principle of fluid buoyancy to induce a flow of air through multiple heated risers. This flow is used to remove decay heat from the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) by radiative and convective heat transfer to the risers that surround the RPV. During normal operation of a high-temperature reactor, this system is designed to protect the reactor cavity structures from excessive heat loads. The ARCCS experimental facility is equipped with new distributed temperature sensors designed by Luna Inc. The sensors are distributed optical fiber sensors that can measure a change in temperature from their initial state every 1.25 mm along a 10-m fiber at a maximum rate of 24 Hz. These fibers are standard communication-grade fibers, which are flexible and can be orientated in whatever shape needed to collect data, based on what the facility dictates. The standard available coatings can allow for continuous operation at temperatures of up to 300°C before degradation; however, the silica fiber itself can be taken as high as 700°C. The data from the fibers can be used to analyze the temperature distribution of the air in the ARCCS as it mixes and vents out of the system. The data produced from these fibers may prove to be useful for validation of the modeling of natural-circulation phenomena and the mixing of buoyancy-dominated flows with greater resolution.