Nuclear Technology / Volume 187 / Number 2 / August 2014 / Pages 117-130
Technical Paper / Thermal Hydraulics / dx.doi.org/10.13182/NT13-84
FORGE (Fate of Repository Gases) is an international research project supported by funding under the European Commission FP7 Euratom program and lasting four years from 2009 to 2013. The project is dedicated to understanding gas generation and migration as part of the quantitative assessment of a geological repository for radioactive waste. Within the FORGE project, Work Package 1 is dedicated to numerical modeling of a two-phase flow system (hydrogen gas due to corrosion and groundwater) in a geological repository for radioactive waste. Several benchmark exercises were proposed that cover the modeling of a deep geological repository from the disposal cell scale to the repository scale with different codes. During the definition of the exercises, special emphasis was given to the roles of the excavation-disturbed zone and of the interfaces between materials, which could act as a conduit for preferential flow. Some changes were made in the TOUGH2 code to enable the implementation of the prescribed conditions, models, and parameters of the benchmark. The results of the calculations performed with different codes show that TOUGH2 gives comparable results under the numerically challenging conditions defined in the exercise. Some differences were observed resulting from the use of different codes and also from some simplifications in the parameters and models adopted by the participating teams. In this paper, the cell-scale benchmark exercise and the results obtained by the Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI) with TOUGH2 will be described, together with some difficulties encountered during the simulation, e.g., convergence problems. The results of other teams participating in the benchmark are in good agreement with the ENSI results.