Nuclear Technology / Volume 180 / Number 1 / October 2012 / Pages 78-88
Technical Paper / Thermal Hydraulics
The effects of two-phase-flow modeling on nuclear reactor single-channel stability analysis are investigated with four two-phase-flow models, namely, the homogeneous-equilibrium model, the homogeneous-nonequilibrium model, the nonhomogeneous-equilibrium model, and the nonhomogeneous-nonequilibrium model. The models are applied to hot-channel analyses of a proposed typical supercritical-water-cooled-reactor (SCWR) design. The neutral stability boundaries derived by using the four models are compared and plotted on the traditional subcooling number versus phase change number plane. To ensure proper development of the models, they are benchmarked to the experimental data. It is found that the homogeneous models predict more conservative stability boundaries than the nonhomogeneous models and that the differences of the stability boundaries predicted by all four two-phase-flow models are reduced under higher-pressure conditions.