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Comparison of Particle-Tracking Features in GEANT4 and MCNPX Codes for Applications in Mapping of Proton Range Uncertainty

Bryan Bednarz, Gty Chen, Harald Paganetti, Bin Han, Aiping Ding, X. George Xu

Nuclear Technology / Volume 175 / Number 1 / July 2011 / Pages 2-5

Technical Paper / Special Issue on the 16th Biennial Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division / Radiation Transport and Protection /

The accuracy of proton therapy is partially limited by uncertainties that result from changing pathological conditions in the patient such as tumor motion and shrinkage. These uncertainties can be minimized with the help of a time-resolved range telescope. Monte Carlo methods can help improve the performance of range telescopes by tracking proton interactions on a particle-by-particle basis thus broadening our understanding on the behavior of protons within the patient and the detector. This paper compared the proton multiple coulomb scattering algorithms in the Monte Carlo codes MCNPX and Geant4 to well-established scattering theories. We focus only on beam energies associated with proton imaging. Despite slight discrepancies between scattering algorithms, both codes appear to be capable of providing useful particle-tracking information for applications such as the proton range telescope.

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