Nuclear Science and Engineering / Volume 162 / Number 1 / May 2009 / Pages 76-86
For the modeling of the neutron cross sections, three energy ranges can be distinguished. The resolved resonance range can be interpreted in terms of single-level, multilevel, Reich-Moore, or R-matrix parameters. The unresolved resonance range (URR) is described with the average R-matrix and Hauser-Feshbach formalisms. For the high energies ("continuum"), optical model parameters are used in association with statistical and preequilibrium models. One of the main challenges of such a work is to study the consistency of the average parameters obtained by these different calculations. With the ESTIMA and SPRT methods, we provide a set of parameters for partial s-waves and p-waves (strength functions Sl and effective potential scattering radius R'). However, accurate analysis of the URR domain needs more information than parameters R' and Sl associated with orbital moments l = 0 and l = 1. Using links between the average R-matrix formalism and the optical model calculations, we propose a generalization of the SPRT method for l > 1 and a new description of the URR domain in terms of Sl and RlJ.