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Home / Publications / Journals / Nuclear Science and Engineering / Volume 180 / Number 2

Temperature Majorant Cross Sections in Monte Carlo Neutron Tracking

Tuomas Viitanen, Jaakko Leppänen

Nuclear Science and Engineering / Volume 180 / Number 2 / June 2015 / Pages 209-223

Technical Paper /

First Online Publication:April 20, 2015
Updated:May 29, 2015

This paper discusses the generation of temperature majorant cross sections, the type of cross sections required by two separate techniques related to Monte Carlo neutron tracking, namely, the Doppler-broadening rejection correction (DBRC) and target motion sampling (TMS) temperature treatment methods. In the generation of these cross sections, the theoretically infinite range of thermal motion must be artificially limited by applying some sort of a cutoff condition, which affects both the accuracy and the performance of the calculations. In this paper, a revised approach for limiting thermal motion is first introduced, and then, optimal cutoff conditions are determined for both the traditional majorant, commonly used in DBRC implementations and old implementations of the TMS method, and the revised majorant. Using the revised type of temperature majorant cross sections increases the performance of the TMS method slightly, but no practical difference is observed with the DBRC method. It is also discovered that in ordinary reactor physical calculations, the cutoff conditions originally adopted from the SIGMA1 Doppler-broadening code can be significantly relieved without compromising the accuracy of the results. By updating the cutoff conditions for majorant generation, the CPU time requirement of Serpent 2.1.17 is reduced by 8% to 23% in TMS calculations and by 1% to 6% in problems involving DBRC.

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