Nuclear Science and Engineering / Volume 153 / Number 1 / May 2006 / Pages 33-40
This paper describes model calculations and nuclear data evaluations of photonuclear reactions on actinides such as 235U, 238U, 237Np, and 239Pu for incident photon energies from the reaction threshold up to 20 MeV. The calculations are done using the GNASH code, including the giant-dipole resonance for photoabsorption. The emission of secondary particles is computed using a preequilibrium theory, together with an open-ended sequence of the compound nucleus decay using the Hauser-Feschbach theory. The accuracy of the calculated and evaluated cross sections is assessed through extensive comparison with measured cross sections. This work also summarizes evaluation methods used to create actinide photonuclear files for the forthcoming ENDF/B-VII database, which will facilitate radiation transport studies related to photonuclear reactions in a number of technologies including production of photoneutrons and photofission fragments in electron accelerators, shielding studies, and nondestructive detection of nuclear material in particular.