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Comparison and Evaluation of Various Tritium Decontamination Techniques and Processes

C. A. Gentile, S. W. Langish, C. H. Skinner, L. P. Ciebiera

Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 48 / Number 1 / July/August 2005 / Pages 200-203

Technical Paper / Tritium Science and Technology - Decontamination and Waste /

In support of fusion energy development, various techniques and processes have been developed over the past two decades for the removal and decontamination of tritium from a variety of items, surfaces, and components. The motivational force for tritium decontamination by chemical, physical, mechanical, or a combination of these methods, is driven by two underlying forces. The first of these motivational forces is safety. Safety is paramount to the established culture associated with fusion energy. The second of these motivational forces is cost. In all aspects, less tritium contamination equals lower operational and disposal costs. This paper will discuss and evaluate the various processes employed for tritium removal and decontamination.

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