Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 56 / Number 1 / July 2009 / Pages 405-408
IFE Target Design / Eighteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (Part 1)
For the future, we have to develop new sources of energy. These new sources may be based on nuclear fusion with magnetic confinement (as with the ITER experiment) or with a new concept based on inertial confinement. The European community plans to build a facility (HiPER project) which is dedicated to reaching high gain with cryogenic targets, and to test the concepts of target mass production and rep rate shots. The cryogenic system for the 1st phase experiments in HiPER is based on the cryogenic system developed for the French facility Laser MegaJoule (LMJ). The latter must be modified and upgraded for direct drive targets. In particular the target must be protected from the radiation flux from the vacuum vessel by a thermal shroud. In addition, the LMJ system must be equipped with a thermal system to allow layering of the fusion fuel to take place.