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Divertor Stabilization in Mirrors

V. P. Pastukhov

Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 47 / Number 1T / January 2005 / Pages 138-143

Technical Paper / Open Magnetic Systems for Plasma Confinement /

Divertor stabilization is considered as an alternative MHD stability concept for mirror-based plasma confinement systems. The discussed concept is based on thermodynamics and self-organization of magnetized plasmas, contrary to the conventional MHD stabilization, based on the presence of averaged "magnetic well". We show that self-organized plasma maintenance near a relaxed marginally-stable state with decreasing pressure profile can be realized in essentially non-paraxial longitudinally linked mirror cells restricted by a joint divertorlike magnetic separatrix with one or several magnetic field nulls at the plasma edge. Brief history, basic principles, and main advantages of the divertor stabilization concept are discussed.

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