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Status of ITER Safety Issues

Didier Perrault

Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 75 / Number 5 / July 2019 / Pages 339-344

Technical Paper / dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1594538

Received:July 14, 2018
Accepted:March 8, 2019
Published:June 20, 2019

The decree authorizing the creation of the ITER facility was published on November 9, 2012, with the provisions adopted having been considered mostly acceptable. However, it is the first fusion facility of this kind to require a creation decree and the design of some of the systems had not yet been finalized. Moreover, while some equipment, with their associated safety requirements, are indeed classic and well known, others are uncommon and their safety requirements, although considered acceptable, are requesting justification.

Therefore, the decree was supported by about 200 requests, which have to be met during the facility startup schedule. This paper takes stock of the current situation and presents the current status of the main expected answers, taking into account the design evolution which has been further proposed by the operator (e.g., the new vacuum vessel pressure suppression system, etc.).

Some safety issues have already been considered as solved (the tokamak support design, accident within the neutral beam cell, etc.). Others are estimated not to be completely satisfactory (e.g., explosion within the vacuum vessel). Before moving on to commissioning, a few issues are still pending (detritiation system efficiency, radiation protection, etc.) and additional studies regarding the final design are expected (hot cells, tritium and waste buildings, etc.).

 
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