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Home / Publications / Journals / Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 43 / Number 1T

Traveling-Wave Direct Energy Converter for an FRC/D3HE Reactor

Kunihiro Sato, Hideaki Katayama

Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 43 / Number 1T / January 2003 / Pages 299-303

Field Reversed Configuration and Neutron Sources / dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST03-A11963619

Published:February 8, 2018

Energy distribution of the 14.7MeV protons, which has energy spread of about 2 MeV due to the thermal motion of fuel ions, is derived analytically. Curvature drift of charged particles in an open magnetic field with a spiral configuration is estimated for separation of the 15MeV protons from thermal components. Numerical orbital calculation shows that amplitude of a wave about 1MV is necessary for trapping and deceleration of the proton beam in a traveling-wave direct energy converter (TWDEC). About 80% of the kinetic energy of the proton beam can be converted into electricity when bunching of the proton beam is improved by applying series of velocity modulations. Results of a computer simulation show that the TWDEC has desirable performance characteristics. The traveling wave with a designed frequency is excited spontaneously without any external power supply. The wave rapidly reaches an equilibrium state after loading, and stably responds to load fluctuations.

 
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