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Thermal Simulations of the Hohlraum Cryogenic Target: Low-Mode Control and Parameter Optimization

Huang Xin, Peng Shuming, Zhou Xiaosong, Yu Mingming, Yin Jian, Wen Chengwei

Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 68 / Number 4 / November 2015 / Pages 788-796

Technical Paper /

First Online Publication:September 28, 2015
Updated:November 5, 2015

The inertial confinement fusion design requires smooth and uniform deuterium-tritium (D-T) ice layers in a spherical shell. One of the most important factors affecting the ice layer quality is the thermal environment around the capsule, which determines the low-mode thickness asymmetries of the D-T ice layer. In this paper, we report the thermal simulation results for the hohlraum cryogenic target in the China Academy of Engineering Physics, focusing on the ice layer roughness analysis and low-mode control. The simulations were carried out with a computational fluid dynamics code. A calculation procedure based on the dynamic mesh method was applied to predict the D-T ice layer profile. The sensitivity of ice layer low-mode roughness to some operating and thermal condition has been investigated. The conclusions in this paper provide better direction for our cryogenic target’s further design and improvement.