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Reactor Chamber and Balance-of-Plant Characteristics for a Fast-Ignition Heavy-Ion Fusion Power Plant

Stanislav Medin, Mikhail Churazov, Dmitri Koshkarev, Boris Sharkov, Yurii Orlov, Viktor Suslin, Eugeni Zemskov

Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 43 / Number 3 / May 2003 / Pages 437-446

Technical Paper / Fast Ignition Targets and Z-Pinch Concepts /

The concept of a fast-ignition heavy-ion fusion (FIHIF) power plant involves a cylindrical target and superhigh energy ion beams. The driver produces one plus/minus charge state multimass platinum ions with energy of 100 GeV. The driver efficiency and the target gain are taken as 0.25 and 100, respectively. The preliminary data on the energy fluxes delivered to the reactor chamber wall by the 500-MJ fusion yield are presented. The reactor chamber designed has two sections. In the first section, the microexplosions occur, and in the second section of bigger volume the expansion and condensation of vapors take place. The response of the blanket and the thin liquid film at the first-wall surface is evaluated. Lithium-lead eutectic is taken as a coolant. The evaporated mass and the condensation time are estimated, taking into account major thermophysical effects. The estimated neutron spectrum from the FIHIF target gives an average neutron energy of 11.9 MeV. The mechanical stresses in the construction material due to neutron energy release are evaluated. The outlet coolant chamber temperature is taken as 550°C. The heat conversion system consisting of three coolant loops provides a net efficiency of the FIHIF power plant of 0.37.

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