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Design of a Compact Lower Hybrid Coupler for Alcator C-Mod

Stefano Bernabei, Joel C. Hosea, Chun Chieh Kung, George D. Loesser, Joseph Rushinski, James R. Wilson, Ronald R. Parker, Miklos Porkolab

Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 43 / Number 2 / March 2003 / Pages 145-152

Technical Paper /

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology are preparing an experiment of current profile control using lower hybrid waves to produce and sustain advanced tokamak regimes in steady-state conditions in Alcator C-Mod. Unlike the Joint European Torus, ToreSupra, and JT60 couplers, the C-Mod lower hybrid coupler does not employ the now conventional multijunction design but will have similar characteristics, compactness, and internal power division while retaining full control of the antenna element phasing. This is achieved by using 3-dB vertical power splitters and a stack of laminated plates with the waveguides milled in them. Construction is simplified and allows easy control and maintenance of all parts. Many precautions are taken to avoid arcing. Special care is also taken to avoid the recycling of reflected power, which could affect the coupling and the launched n

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