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Tritium Inventories in the High Vacuum Pumps of ITER

Chris Day, August Mack, Manfred Glugla, David K. Murdoch

Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 41 / Number 3P2 / May 2002 / Pages 602-606

Device, Facility, and Operation / Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Tritium Science and Technology Tsukuba, Japan November 12-16, 2001 /

The tritium inventory of an experimental fusion reactor like ITER is determined by a broad range of influential factors. The tritium retention in the vacuum system is one important contribution to the overall tritium inventory. The high vacuum system for ITER is based on a set of cryogenic pumps, and sees the whole spectrum of tritiated gas species. The cryopumps are accumulation pumps; thus, the semi-permanent tritium inventory present in them is governed by the effectiveness of pump regeneration. Moreover, a permanent inventory background must also be envisaged. This paper delineates the staggered pump concept and a multi-stage regeneration scheme as main measures for step-wise minimisation of the tritium inventory in the high vacuum pump system and outlines the different contributions which add to it. By these methods, the 268 g of tritium inventory present after nominal long pulse operation of ITER, depending on the chosen fuelling case, can be reduced to 6 g in the pumps themselves, plus up to 100 g of codeposited tritium needing recovery clean-up.

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