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Studies of HTO Washout and Deposition in the Vicinity of Emission Source II: Model—Experiment Intercomparison

A.V. Golubev, M.M. Khabibulin, S.E. Misatyuk, Y.A. Belot, A.Y. Aleinikov, V.P. Kovalenko, S.V. Mavrin, V.N. Golubeva, I.I. Solomatin, T.A. Kosheleva

Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 41 / Number 3P2 / May 2002 / Pages 474-477

Environment / Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Tritium Science and Technology Tsukuba, Japan November 12-16, 2001 /

There are presented in the research results of HTO washout and the model of HTO atmosphere concentration in the vicinity of a long-term HT and HTO emission source. The site of the scavenging experiments was around a 30 m emission source. The sampling arcs were chosen at 150–300 m from the base of the source to minimize dry deposition on the precipitation collectors. To study dependence of scavenging of tritium on raindrops characteristics, an optical device was constructed and used to measure the distribution of the drop radii and velocities during the period of experiment. The washout model, used for assessments, takes into account dispersion, deposition and re-emission. The model of HTO wet deposition is taken into account kinetics of HTO exchange between vapor and liquid phase with parameters such as rain drop spectra, rain intensity, condensation-evaporation on drop's interface. Gauss type formulae for permanent emission source is used to calculate HTO atmospheric concentration. Meteorological data are used as input parameters for modeling.

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