Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 42 / Number 1 / July 2002 / Pages 107-115
As a new fueling method, supersonic molecular beam injection (SMBI) has been successfully developed and used in the HL-1M tokamak and HT-7 superconducting tokamak. SMBI can enhance penetration depth and fueling efficiency. It can be considered a significant improvement over conventional gas puffing. In recent experiments, hydrogen clusters have been found in the beam produced by high working gas pressure. The hydrogen particles of the beam have penetrated into the plasma center region, in which the average velocity of the injected beam is >1200 m/s. The rate of increase of electron density for SMBI, d[bar]ne/dt, approaches that of small ice pellet injection (PI). The plasma density increases step by step after multipulse SMBI, just as with the effects of multipellet fueling. Comparison of fueling effects was made between SMBI and small ice PI in the same shot of ohmic discharge in HL-1M.