Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 64 / Number 3 / September 2013 / Pages 680-686
Test Blanket, Fuel Cycle, and Breeding / Proceedings of the Twentieth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE-2012) (Part 2) Nashville, Tennessee, August 27-31, 2012 / dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST13-A19171
A critical design feature of any tokamak is the space taken up by the inner leg of the toroidal field (TF) coil. The radial build needed for the TF inner leg, along with shield thickness, size of the central solenoid and plasma minor radius set the major radius of the machine. Small reductions in the TF build can have a large impact on the overall cost of the reactor.
The cross section of the TF inner leg support the centering force and that portion of the vertical separating force that is not supported by the outer structures. In this paper, the TF inner leg equatorial plane cross sections are considered. Out-of-Plane (OOP) forces are taken by structures that are not closely coupled with the radial build of the central column at the equatorial plane. The "Vertical Access AT Pilot Plant" currently under consideration at PPPL is used as a starting point for the structural, field and current requirements. Other TF structural concepts are considered. With the expectation that the pilot plant will be a steady state machine, a static stress criteria is used for all the concepts. The coils are assumed to be superconducting, with the superconductor not contributing to the structural strength. Limit analysis is employed to assess the degree of conservatism in the static criteria as it is applied to a linear elastic stress analysis. TF concepts, and in particular the PPPL AT PILOT plate concept are evaluated based on amount of space needed for structure and the amount of space left for superconductor.