Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 64 / Number 3 / September 2013 / Pages 615-622
Test Blanket, Fuel Cycle, and Breeding / Proceedings of the Twentieth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE-2012) (Part 2) Nashville, Tennessee, August 27-31, 2012
In the last years EU started a new effort for the definition of a Roadmap for the fusion beyond ITER up to the construction of the DEMO reactor. The blanket technology, key issue for the development of the fusion breeder reactor, is an important part of this review. In the last 10 years the R&D of EU in blanket has been focused on two kinds of blanket concepts, namely the Helium Cooled Pebble Bed (HCPB) and Lithium lead (HCLL); both are EU reference concepts for DEMO and for the test in ITER. In addition to these two reference concepts, few other concepts have been investigated in EU. One of these is the Dual Coolant Lithium Lead (DCLL) that was developed in the 90-ties in Karlsruhe and UCSD. The spectrum of blankets studied in EU includes also a water cooled blanket with liquid breeder, the WCLL.