Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 61 / Number 1T / January 2012 / Pages 15-20
Plenary / Proceedings of the Fifteenth International Conference on Emerging Nuclear Energy Systems
New generation high power hadron accelerators are more and more required to produce intense fluxes of secondary particles for various fields of science: radioactive ions for nuclear physics, muons and neutrinos for particle physics, and of course neutrons for many applications like condensed matter physics, solid-state physics, or irradiation tools. This paper will focus on the applications of such accelerators in support of nuclear energy, and in particular on the two following cases: the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF), which asks for a 10 MW, 40 MeV deuteron beam, and the ADS (Accelerator Driven System) application for transmutation of long-lived radioactive wastes, which typically requires a 600 MeV - 1 GeV proton beam of a few mA for demonstrators, and a few tens of mA for large industrial systems. In this respect, the status of the accelerator proposed for the European MYRRHA project will be detailed and discussed.