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Home / Publications / Journals / Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 60 / Number 4

Cryogenic Adsorption of Hydrogen Isotopes over Nano-Structured Materials

X. Xiao, L. K. Heung

Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 60 / Number 4 / November 2011 / Pages 1415-1418

Detritiation and Isotope Separation / Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Tritium Science and Technology (Part 2) /

Porous materials such as zeolites, activated carbon, silica gels, alumina and a number of industrial catalysts are compared and ranked for hydrogen and deuterium adsorption at liquid nitrogen temperature. All samples show higher D2 adsorption than that of H2, in which HY zeolite has the greatest isotopic effect while 13X zeolite has the highest hydrogen uptake capacity. Material's moisture content has significant impact to its hydrogen uptake. A material without adequate drying could result in complete loss of its adsorption capacity. Even though some materials present higher H2 adsorption capacity at full pressure, their adsorption at low vapor pressure may not be as good as others. Adsorption capacity in a dynamic system is much less than in a static system, as expected. The same type of material from different vendors or lots may behave differently.

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