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Tritium Transfer in Porous Concrete Materials Coated with Hydrophobic Paints

S. Fukada et al.

Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 60 / Number 3 / October 2011 / Pages 1061-1064

Contamination and Waste / Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Tritium Science and Technology /

An experimental study on tritium transfer in porous concrete materials for the tertiary tritium safety containment is performed to investigate; (i) how fast tritium is transferred through porous concrete walls coated with or without a hydrophobic paint, and (ii) how well the hydrophobic paint coating works as a film protecting against tritium migrating through concrete. The experiment is comparatively carried out using two types of cement-paste and mortar disks with or without two kinds of paints. The results obtained here are summarized as follows: (1) Tritium transfer can be correlated in terms of the effective tritium diffusivity of DT=1.2x10-11 m2/s in porous cement. (2) Adsorbed or condensed liquid HTO itself is transferred only through pores in cement, and no tritium transfer path is present in non-porous sand. (3) Rates of tritium sorption and dissolution in cement and mortar coated with an epoxy-resin paint is correlated in terms of the diffusivity through the paint film of DT=1.0x10-16 m2/s. (4) The epoxy paint works more effectively as an anti-tritium diffusion coating than the acrylic-silicon resin paint. (5) The hydrophobic property of the silicon resin paint is deteriorated with elongating the contact time with H2O.

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