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Water Impurity Removal by Different Wall Conditioning Methods

Sungwoo Kim, Suk-Ho Hong, Kwang Pyo Kim, Dong Su Lee, Woong Chae Kim, Kap-Rae Park

Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 60 / Number 1T / July 2011 / Pages 98-101

The major impurity among gas species in the 2009 KSTAR campaign is water, up to 6.91 % of total pressure in the vacuum vessel. Various wall conditioning methods such as GDC, ICWC, and boronization are conducted to reduce water impurity which affects the plasma initiation. GDCs reduce water pressure to 1 × 10-9 mbar while several minutes of inter-shot ICWCs suppress water pressure around 3 × 10-9 mbar. Compared with the results from the KSTAR boronization, routinely performed inter-shot ICWCs would have similar effect as boronization for water removal from the vacuum vessel.

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