Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 60 / Number 1 / July 2011 / Pages 403-406
Materials Development & Plasma-Material Interactions / Proceedings of the Nineteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE) (Part 1)
The trapping and release mechanisms of hydrogen isotopes for the stainless steel (SS) oxidized at various temperatures were investigated. The oxide layer was mainly consisted of iron oxides (FexOy) and its decomposition temperature was almost consistent with the release temperature of deuterium, where major chemical form was a molecular deuterium (D2). The deuterium retention was increased as the oxidation temperature increased. It was considered that the thickness of oxide layer would make a large influence on the retention of hydrogen isotopes. On the other hand, the amount of released deuterium as heavy water (D2O) was independent with oxidation temperature. It was considered that the formation of hydrogen isotope as water form was depended on the amount of FexOy on the top most surface layer of SS.