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Home / Publications / Journals / Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 49 / Number 4 / Pages 616-625

Three-Dimensional Characterization of Cryogenic Target Ice Layers Using Multiple Shadowgraph Views

D. H. Edgell, R. S. Craxton, L. M. Elasky, D. R. Harding, L. S. Iwan, R. L. Keck, L. D. Lund, S. J. Verbridge, M. D. Wittman, A. Warrick, T. Brown, W. Seka

Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 49 / Number 4 / May 2006 / Pages 616-625

Technical Paper / Target Fabrication

Backlit optical shadowgraphy is the primary diagnostic for D2 ice layer characterization of cryogenic targets for the OMEGA Laser System at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE). Reflection and refraction of light passing through the ice layer produce characteristic rings. The position of the most prominent of the shadowgraph rings, known as the bright ring, can be resolved to ~0.1-pixel rms, corresponding to about 0.12 m for typical LLE target shadowgraphs. Measurement of the bright ring position in conjunction with ray-trace model predictions determines the ice layer thickness and the Fourier-mode spectrum of the ice roughness for that view. The LLE target characterization stations use two camera angles and target rotation to record target shadowgraphs from many different views. Combining these views allows construction of a 3-D ice layer representation, an estimation of the global surface roughness, and a determination of a Legendre-mode spectrum suitable for implosion modeling. The standard operating procedure is to construct a 3-D ice layer representation using the analysis of 48 separate shadowgraphic views. The 3-D ice surface is then decomposed in terms of spherical harmonics, allowing the determination of low-mode number (l 8 to 10) elements of a Legendre-mode power spectrum. Higher-mode number elements of the Legendre power spectrum are determined by mapping the Fourier-mode power spectrum averaged over all views

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