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Characteristics of Plasma Operation with the Ferritic Inside Wall and Its Compatibility with High-Performance Plasmas in JFT-2M

K. Tsuzuki, H. Kimura, Y. Kusama, M. Sato, H. Kawashima, K. Kamiya, K. Shinohara, H. Ogawa, K. Uehara, G. Kurita, S. Kasai, K. Hoshino, N. Isei, Y. Miura, M. Yamamoto, K. Kikuchi, T. Shibata, M. Bakhtiari, T. Hino, Y. Hirohata, Y. Yamauchi, K. Yamaguchi, H. Tsutsui, R. Shimada, H. Amemiya, Y. Nagashima, T. Ido, Y. Hamada

Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 49 / Number 2 / February 2006 / Pages 197-208

Technical Paper / JFT-2M Tokamak /

Compatibility between plasma and reduced activation ferritic steel, which is the leading candidate for the structural material of a fusion demonstration reactor, has been investigated in the Advanced Material Tokamak EXperiment (AMTEX). Ferritic plates (FPs) were installed progressively in the JFT-2M tokamak. The effect of ferromagnetism on plasma production, control, confinement, and stability has been investigated. Impurity release behavior has also been investigated. Even when the inside vacuum vessel wall was fully covered with the FPs and the tokamak plasma was operated close to the wall, no deleterious effect was observed, and the normalized beta could be increased up to ~3.5. Thus, encouraging results are obtained for application of this material to the demonstration reactor.

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