Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 58 / Number 1 / July 2010 / Pages 208-219
Chapter 5. Divertor and Edge Physics / Special Issue on Large Helical Device (LHD)
The function of the divertor plasmas on the particle control in the plasma periphery is investigated from viewpoints of magnetic field line structures and neutral particle transport in the Large Helical Device (LHD). It shows that the particle and heat deposition on the divertor plate arrays are qualitatively explained by the distribution of strike points calculated by magnetic field line tracing including a particle diffusion effect. Control of neutral particle fueling from the divertor plates is a critical issue for sustaining long-pulse discharges and achieving superdense core plasmas. The behavior of neutral particles in the plasma periphery has been investigated by H emission measurements and a neutral particle transport simulation. It reveals that gas fueling from the toroidally distributed divertor plates heated by protons accelerated by ion cyclotron resonance frequency wave is necessary for explaining measurements in a long-pulse discharge, and the spatial profile of the neutral particle density in the plasma periphery in various magnetic configurations is explained by the strike point distribution. Based on these analyses, a closed helical divertor configuration optimized for the intrinsic magnetic field line structure in the plasma periphery is proposed for efficient particle control and heat load reduction on the divertor plates.