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Nuclear Criticality Safety
NCSD provides communication among nuclear criticality safety professionals through the development of standards, the evolution of training methods and materials, the presentation of technical data and procedures, and the creation of specialty publications. In these ways, the division furthers the exchange of technical information on nuclear criticality safety with the ultimate goal of promoting the safe handling of fissionable materials outside reactors.
Conference on Nuclear Training and Education: A Biennial International Forum (CONTE 2023)
February 6–9, 2023
Amelia Island, FL|Omni Amelia Island Resort
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Fusion Science and Technology
Framatome, Ultra Safe partner to manufacture TRISO and FCM fuel
Framatome and Ultra Safe Nuclear announced on January 26 that they intend to form a joint venture to manufacture commercial quantities of tristructural isotropic (TRISO) particles and Ultra Safe’s proprietary fully ceramic microencapsulated (FCM) fuel.
The companies have signed a nonbinding agreement to integrate their resources to bring commercially viable, fourth-generation nuclear fuel to market for Ultra Safe’s micro-modular reactor (MMR) and other advanced reactor designs.
Sicong Xiao, Jing Zhao, Zhiwei Zhou, Yongwei Yang
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 73 | Number 4 | May 2018 | Pages 559-567
Technical Note | doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2017.1396113
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
In this technical note, an innovative thorium-uranium–fueled fusion-fission hybrid reactor (FFHR) design that employs a dual-coolant system to enhance 233U breeding and is based on a three-dimensional engineering model is presented. The reactor consists of two kinds of modules: a water-cooled, thermal spectrum power generation natural uranium–fueled module and helium-cooled, fast spectrum fissile-breeding natural thorium–fueled modules, which are arranged alternately in the poloidal direction of the blanket. An interesting and important neutronic characteristic of the FFHR is found in this technical note: Energy multiplication is primarily determined by the uranium module parameters and is almost independent of the thorium module parameter. Uranium module design should first consider improving energy production. The 232Th neutron capture rate is primarily determined by the thorium module parameters. The uranium module parameter has almost no influence on the 232Th neutron capture rate in the thorium module. The uranium and thorium modules have weak coupling in neutronic behavior. However, with the fixed design parameters of the uranium and thorium modules, the most important influencing factor on energy multiplication factor M (the ratio of total blanket energy output and the fusion energy) and the 233U breeding rate is the fraction of the external fusion neutron source irradiated on the uranium or thorium module or the blanket coverage rate of the uranium or thorium modules. Based on this characteristic, an innovative hybrid reactor design that employs a dual-coolant system is proposed in this technical note. Uranium modules still use water as the coolant to maintain a high energy multiplication factor, whereas helium is used as the coolant for the thorium module to obtain a fast neutron spectrum to enhance the 233U breeding. The simulation results show that the helium-cooled thorium module is 2.5 times more efficient in 233U breeding compared to the original water-cooled thorium module design. Approximately 10 tons of 233U is produced after 20 years of operation for the helium-cooled thorium module design.