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The Sodium Reactor Experiment
In February 1957, construction was completed on the Sodium Reactor Experiment (SRE), a sodium-cooled, graphite-moderated reactor with an output of 20 MWt. The design of theSRE had begun three years earlier in 1954, and construction started in April 1955. On April 25, 1957, the reactor reached criticality, and the SRE operated until February 1964.
Guanyi Wang, Mamoru Ishii
Nuclear Technology | Volume 209 | Number 12 | December 2023 | Pages 1953-1964
Research Article | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2022.2153559
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
To accurately quantify the interfacial transfer terms in the two-fluid model, the reliable prediction of the interfacial area concentration (IAC) is crucial. The IAC in annular flow, especially the interface between the liquid film and gas core, is particularly important due to its relevance to critical heat flux and reactor operation safety. However, very few experimental and analytical studies have been performed that focus on the IAC of the liquid film in annular flow. In this work, the IAC of the liquid film is measured using a parallel-wire conductance probe for upward annular flow in a 25.4-mm one-dimensional pipe. A total of 25 flow conditions are measured with the range of superficial liquid velocity from 0.15 to 2.00 m/s and the range of superficial gas velocity from 10.0 to 29.6 m/s. The IAC radial profile is obtained from the liquid film time trace measured by the conductance probe, and the accuracy of this method is verified by flow visualization. The effects of the inlet gas and liquid flow rates on the characteristics of the IAC radial distribution as well as area-averaged IACs are analyzed. A new model is developed to predict the IAC radial distribution of the liquid film. The IAC profiles predicted by the model agree very well with the measured IAC profiles for typical annular flow conditions and have a reasonable agreement for the wispy annular flow conditions.