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The Education, Training & Workforce Development Division provides communication among the academic, industrial, and governmental communities through the exchange of views and information on matters related to education, training and workforce development in nuclear and radiological science, engineering, and technology. Industry leaders, education and training professionals, and interested students work together through Society-sponsored meetings and publications, to enrich their professional development, to educate the general public, and to advance nuclear and radiological science and engineering.
2024 ANS Annual Conference
June 9–12, 2024
Las Vegas, NV|The Mirage
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The Sodium Reactor Experiment
In February 1957, construction was completed on the Sodium Reactor Experiment (SRE), a sodium-cooled, graphite-moderated reactor with an output of 20 MWt. The design of theSRE had begun three years earlier in 1954, and construction started in April 1955. On April 25, 1957, the reactor reached criticality, and the SRE operated until February 1964.
J. B. Lee, B. U. Bae, Y. S. Park, J. Kim, S. Cho, N. H. Choi, K. H. Kang
Nuclear Technology | Volume 209 | Number 10 | October 2023 | Pages 1537-1548
Research Article | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2022.2149040
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
A test called B4.2 in the OECD-ATLAS2 project was performed to simulate loss of the residual heat removal system (RHRS) during mid-loop operation (MLO) using a thermal-hydraulic (T-H) integral-effect test facility: the Advanced Thermal-Hydraulic Test Loop for Accident Simulation (ATLAS). The main purpose of this test was to investigate a T-H transient in the reactor coolant system (RCS) during loss of the RHRS and to evaluate the effectiveness of reflux condensation and the capability of a safety injection tank (SIT) on shutdown coolability. The initial and boundary conditions for the B4.2 test were appropriately determined according to a state of MLO corresponding to 65 h after reactor trip in the Advanced Power Reactor 1400 MW(electric) (APR1400). During the loss of RHRS accident transient simulation, major T-H parameters such as system pressures, temperatures, and collapsed water levels in the RCS were measured, and unique T-H phenomena such as reflux/cocurrent condensations, off-take, countercurrent flow, and countercurrent flow limitation were investigated. In this paper, the overall T-H behavior in the RCS during a simulated loss of the RHRS with SITs is highlighted to provide a better understanding of T-H phenomena regarding coolability with reflux condensation.