The contaminated solvent from the Purex process is washed with alkaline detergents such as sodium carbonate, which generates a large amount of secondary wastes. Therefore, hydrazine carbonate as a salt-free reagent deserves to be studied in depth. In this study, the Ce(IV), U(VI), and Zr(IV) metal ions in organic phases containing dibutyl phosphate (HDBP) of 30% tributyl phosphate (TBP)–dodecane were washed with hydrazine carbonate. The effects of the oscillation time (1 to 15 min); temperature (25°C to 85°C); cumulative number of washes (one to four times); mass fraction of hydrazine carbonate (0.1% to 20%); volume ratio of the aqueous phase to the organic phase (0.2 to 5); HDBP concentration (0 to 0.4 M); HNO3 concentration (0.05 to 8 M); and concentration of Ce(IV), U(VI), and Zr(IV) metal ions on the removal percentages of Ce(IV), U(VI), and Zr(IV) metal ions in polluted solvents were studied. The results showed that when the organic phase containing 0.02 M HDBP was washed three times with 5% hydrazine carbonate at 25°C, the removal percentages of the Ce(IV), U(VI), and Zr(IV) ions were 96%, 98%, and 94%, respectively. Meanwhile, the retention concentrations of the three in the organic phase were 35, 28, and 78 mg/L, respectively. The increase of the mass fraction of hydrazine carbonate enhances the removal of the metal ions from the organic phase into the aqueous phase. High acid is not conducive to alkaline washing of metal ions. The increase of HDBP concentration not only promotes extraction but also increases the retention capacity of the organic phase and has the most significant effect on Zr(IV). U(VI) promotes the preferential washing of Zr(IV) while Ce(IV) increases the metal retention concentration of Zr(IV) in the organic phase.