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Isotopes & Radiation
Members are devoted to applying nuclear science and engineering technologies involving isotopes, radiation applications, and associated equipment in scientific research, development, and industrial processes. Their interests lie primarily in education, industrial uses, biology, medicine, and health physics. Division committees include Analytical Applications of Isotopes and Radiation, Biology and Medicine, Radiation Applications, Radiation Sources and Detection, and Thermal Power Sources.
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Las Vegas, NV|The Mirage
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The Sodium Reactor Experiment
In February 1957, construction was completed on the Sodium Reactor Experiment (SRE), a sodium-cooled, graphite-moderated reactor with an output of 20 MWt. The design of theSRE had begun three years earlier in 1954, and construction started in April 1955. On April 25, 1957, the reactor reached criticality, and the SRE operated until February 1964.
A. Talamo, Z. Zhong, Y. Gohar
Nuclear Technology | Volume 209 | Number 9 | September 2023 | Pages 1319-1350
Research Article | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2023.2202790
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
This study presents multiphysics analyses of the electron target cooling system of the accelerator-driven system (ADS) of the Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology (KIPT) using MCNP and Fluent computer programs. MCNP has been used to transport electrons, gammas, and neutrons, and to calculate the energy deposition in the target materials. The MCNP mesh-tally data have been imported into Fluent by a C subroutine that has been compiled and linked to Fluent as a user-defined function.
The KIPT ADS is located in Ukraine and was in operation until February 2022. The Fluent model is based on the computer-aided design files from the manufacturing process of the target assembly. The Fluent results for the reference case match very well the literature results obtained by STAR-CCM+ during the design phase. Other cases that differ from the reference one have been analyzed; in these cases, it is assumed a malfunction of the electron accelerator or of the water cooling system. The target cooling system operates normally for all the analyzed cases except when the inlet water mass flow rate is decreased. The transient analysis showed that the target cooling system can operate for 180 s with full power when the inlet water mass flow rate is decreased down by 75%.