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The division's objectives are to promote the advancement of knowledge and understanding of the fundamental physical phenomena characterizing nuclear reactors and other nuclear systems. The division encourages research and disseminates information through meetings and publications. Areas of technical interest include nuclear data, particle interactions and transport, reactor and nuclear systems analysis, methods, design, validation and operating experience and standards. The Wigner Award heads the awards program.
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Fusion Science and Technology
Finland in Front: The World’s Likely First Spent Fuel Repository Moves Toward Licensing
The year 2024 is shaping up to be a historic one for Posiva, the waste management organization owned by Finland’s two nuclear power plant utilities, Fortum and Teollisuuden Voima. The company is looking to receive regulatory approval of its operating license for the Onkalo deep geological repository for high-level radioactive waste by the end of the year.
Bert J. Debusschere, D. Thomas Seidl, Timothy M. Berg, Kyung Won Chang, Rosemary C. Leone, Laura P. Swiler, Paul E. Mariner
Nuclear Technology | Volume 209 | Number 9 | September 2023 | Pages 1295-1318
Research Article | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2023.2197666
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Spent nuclear fuel repository simulations are currently not able to incorporate detailed fuel matrix degradation (FMD) process models due to their computational cost, especially when large numbers of waste packages breach. The current paper uses machine learning to develop artificial neural network and k-nearest neighbor regression surrogate models that approximate the detailed FMD process model while being computationally much faster to evaluate. Using fuel cask temperature, dose rate, and the environmental concentrations of CO32−, O2, Fe2+, and H2 as inputs, these surrogates show good agreement with the FMD process model predictions of the UO2 degradation rate for conditions within the range of the training data. A demonstration in a full-scale shale repository reference case simulation shows that the incorporation of the surrogate models captures local and temporal environmental effects on fuel degradation rates while retaining good computational efficiency.