ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
Nuclear Installations Safety
Devoted specifically to the safety of nuclear installations and the health and safety of the public, this division seeks a better understanding of the role of safety in the design, construction and operation of nuclear installation facilities. The division also promotes engineering and scientific technology advancement associated with the safety of such facilities.
2024 ANS Annual Conference
June 16–19, 2024
Las Vegas, NV|Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
Latest Magazine Issues
Latest Journal Issues
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Finland in Front: The World’s Likely First Spent Fuel Repository Moves Toward Licensing
The year 2024 is shaping up to be a historic one for Posiva, the waste management organization owned by Finland’s two nuclear power plant utilities, Fortum and Teollisuuden Voima. The company is looking to receive regulatory approval of its operating license for the Onkalo deep geological repository for high-level radioactive waste by the end of the year.
Nicholas A. Meehan, Seok Bin Seo, Trevor K. Howard, Nicholas R. Brown
Nuclear Technology | Volume 209 | Number 8 | August 2023 | Pages 1164-1188
Research Article | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2023.2195355
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
A reactivity-initiated accident (RIA) is a design-basis accident under which critical heat flux (CHF) is likely to be exceeded. The operational margin for RIAs is currently determined using steady-state CHF lookup tables, which provide conservative estimates relative to transient CHF phenomena. The Transient Reactor Test Loop (TRTL) facility at Oregon State University is capable of performing out-of-pile rapid heating experiments representative of a RIA at conditions representative of a pressurized water reactor (PWR). To further our understanding of and ability to predict transient CHF under PWR conditions, we performed a sensitivity analysis on a RELAP5-3D model of the TRTL facility coupled to the RAVEN code framework to define a proposed experimental test matrix to be performed at the TRTL facility. We then implemented a flow boiling CHF correlation into RELAP5-3D and performed a secondary sensitivity analysis inspecting the impact of the built-in RELAP5-3D CHF and heat transfer multipliers on both the prediction of CHF and key safety parameters, such as peak cladding temperature and heat flux. The results show that the multiplier with the highest influence toward the prediction of CHF occurrence and the safety parameters is the transient CHF multiplier. Operational performance envelopes have been developed for each of the test matrix cases and will be used for validation once the experiments are performed. The TRTL facility is currently performing shakedown testing to verify system performance prior to proceeding with the experimental campaign. Restart testing results include pump curve restart testing, pressure tests, and heater rod thermocouple transients.