ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
Aerospace Nuclear Science & Technology
Organized to promote the advancement of knowledge in the use of nuclear science and technologies in the aerospace application. Specialized nuclear-based technologies and applications are needed to advance the state-of-the-art in aerospace design, engineering and operations to explore planetary bodies in our solar system and beyond, plus enhance the safety of air travel, especially high speed air travel. Areas of interest will include but are not limited to the creation of nuclear-based power and propulsion systems, multifunctional materials to protect humans and electronic components from atmospheric, space, and nuclear power system radiation, human factor strategies for the safety and reliable operation of nuclear power and propulsion plants by non-specialized personnel and more.
2024 ANS Annual Conference
June 16–19, 2024
Las Vegas, NV|Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
Latest Magazine Issues
Latest Journal Issues
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
What is involved in radiation protection at accelerator facilities?
Particle accelerators have evolved from exotic machines probing hadron interactions to understand the fundamentals of our world to widely used instruments in research and for medical and industrial use. For research purposes, high-power machines are employed, often producing secondary particle beams through primary beam interaction with a target material involving many meters of shielding. The charged beam interacts with the surrounding structures, producing both prompt radiation and secondary radiation from activated materials. After beam termination, some parts of the facility remain radioactive and potentially can become radiation hazards over time. Radiation protection for accelerator facilities involves a range of actions for operation within safe boundaries (an accelerator safety envelope). Each facility establishes fundamental safety principles, requirements, and measures to control radiation exposure to people and the release of radioactive material in the environment.
Chenhao Zeng, Wanchang Lai, Jinge Zhou, Hongjian Lin, Xiaojie Feng, Yongping Yu, Runqiu Gu, Shangqing Sun, Jinfei Wu
Nuclear Technology | Volume 209 | Number 4 | April 2023 | Pages 549-559
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2022.2133515
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
We address the performance of airborne gamma detection systems equipped with a NaI(Tl) detector to monitor radionuclides in specific areas. In particular, we analyze the use of the fast singular value decomposition (FSVD) algorithm to improve the nuclide recognition ability of the system and effectively trace radioactivity in a complex background environment. We first present a theoretical analysis of the FSVD algorithm and illustrate the nuclide recognition algorithm step by step. The core of the algorithm is singular value decomposition and parameter estimation based on a Gaussian Markov linear regression model. From the estimated values of the parameters, information about radionuclides can be effectively extracted. We assume the presence of a strong background due to a high concentration of 222Rn and its progeny, which is simulated using GEANT4. By adding trace elements of 131I and 137Cs and changing the relative emissivity, the ratio of the total energy peak count of 131I and 137Cs to the background environment interval count of the corresponding 222Rn and its progeny are controlled. Assuming a counting ratio equal to 0.005, the FSVD algorithm is still able to effectively discriminate the presence of a small number of nuclides, reflecting very excellent recognition ability. Finally, based on data from an airborne gamma detection system in a self-control radon chamber, the FSVD algorithm is employed to recognize the trace of 137Cs nuclides in a strong radon background. A DURRIDGE RAD7 radon measuring instrument is used to monitor the radon concentration in the radon chamber. The actual measurement results show that the FSVD algorithm can effectively detect 137Cs nuclides.