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The mission of the Decommissioning and Environmental Sciences (DES) Division is to promote the development and use of those skills and technologies associated with the use of nuclear energy and the optimal management and stewardship of the environment, sustainable development, decommissioning, remediation, reutilization, and long-term surveillance and maintenance of nuclear-related installations, and sites. The target audience for this effort is the membership of the Division, the Society, and the public at large.
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
What is involved in radiation protection at accelerator facilities?
Particle accelerators have evolved from exotic machines probing hadron interactions to understand the fundamentals of our world to widely used instruments in research and for medical and industrial use. For research purposes, high-power machines are employed, often producing secondary particle beams through primary beam interaction with a target material involving many meters of shielding. The charged beam interacts with the surrounding structures, producing both prompt radiation and secondary radiation from activated materials. After beam termination, some parts of the facility remain radioactive and potentially can become radiation hazards over time. Radiation protection for accelerator facilities involves a range of actions for operation within safe boundaries (an accelerator safety envelope). Each facility establishes fundamental safety principles, requirements, and measures to control radiation exposure to people and the release of radioactive material in the environment.
Faizan Ul Haq Mir, Nam Nguyen, Brian Song, Benjamin Kosbab, Andrew S. Whittaker
Nuclear Technology | Volume 209 | Number 2 | February 2023 | Pages 244-253
Technical Note | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2022.2118484
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The head of a cylindrical reactor vessel must be designed for earthquake-induced sloshing force if there is insufficient freeboard. Herein, a design-oriented calculation method is developed for base-and head-supported annular tanks, where the annulus separates the reactor vessel and its core barrel. Charts are provided to enable preliminary design calculations. Examples are presented to describe the calculations.