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Young Members Group
The Young Members Group works to encourage and enable all young professional members to be actively involved in the efforts and endeavors of the Society at all levels (Professional Divisions, ANS Governance, Local Sections, etc.) as they transition from the role of a student to the role of a professional. It sponsors non-technical workshops and meetings that provide professional development and networking opportunities for young professionals, collaborates with other Divisions and Groups in developing technical and non-technical content for topical and national meetings, encourages its members to participate in the activities of the Groups and Divisions that are closely related to their professional interests as well as in their local sections, introduces young members to the rules and governance structure of the Society, and nominates young professionals for awards and leadership opportunities available to members.
2024 ANS Annual Conference
June 16–19, 2024
Las Vegas, NV|Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
What is involved in radiation protection at accelerator facilities?
Particle accelerators have evolved from exotic machines probing hadron interactions to understand the fundamentals of our world to widely used instruments in research and for medical and industrial use. For research purposes, high-power machines are employed, often producing secondary particle beams through primary beam interaction with a target material involving many meters of shielding. The charged beam interacts with the surrounding structures, producing both prompt radiation and secondary radiation from activated materials. After beam termination, some parts of the facility remain radioactive and potentially can become radiation hazards over time. Radiation protection for accelerator facilities involves a range of actions for operation within safe boundaries (an accelerator safety envelope). Each facility establishes fundamental safety principles, requirements, and measures to control radiation exposure to people and the release of radioactive material in the environment.
Donna Post Guillen
Nuclear Technology | Volume 209 | Number 1 | January 2023 | Pages S21-S40
Critical Review | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2022.2055701
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Microreactors, or very small, transportable or mobile nuclear reactors with a capacity of less than 20 MW(thermal), are being developed to provide heat and power for myriad applications in remote areas, military installations, emergency operations, humanitarian missions, and disaster relief zones. A wide variety of reactor types are under consideration, including sodium-cooled fast reactors, molten-salt reactors, very high-temperature gas reactors, and heat pipe reactors. One issue common to all microreactor designs is the need to remove heat from the core. The objective of this paper is to identify a spectrum of diverse approaches to thermal management that can be used develop advanced, high-performance heat removal systems to further enhance the expected performance of a 1- to 20-MW(thermal) nuclear reactor. The focus here is on concepts that can provide a passive means of heat removal and are new to nuclear reactors. Different types of passive heat removal strategies for microreactors are examined, including latent heat-transfer devices, such as various types of heat pipes, natural convection and conduction-radiation cooling, and other thermal devices, such as thermoelectrics and thermoacoustics, that can be used to provide power for auxiliary cooling. Many of these concepts have already been fielded in renewable energy systems. Concepts at different stages of technical maturity are outlined to present ideas that can push the boundaries of thermal management in present-day nuclear technology. Practical considerations relative to the integration of these concepts into nuclear systems are given.