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Aerospace Nuclear Science & Technology
Organized to promote the advancement of knowledge in the use of nuclear science and technologies in the aerospace application. Specialized nuclear-based technologies and applications are needed to advance the state-of-the-art in aerospace design, engineering and operations to explore planetary bodies in our solar system and beyond, plus enhance the safety of air travel, especially high speed air travel. Areas of interest will include but are not limited to the creation of nuclear-based power and propulsion systems, multifunctional materials to protect humans and electronic components from atmospheric, space, and nuclear power system radiation, human factor strategies for the safety and reliable operation of nuclear power and propulsion plants by non-specialized personnel and more.
2023 ANS Winter Conference and Expo
November 12–15, 2023
Washington, D.C.|Washington Hilton
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
National Museum of Nuclear Science and History explores “atomic” culture
For many of us, the toys of our childhood leave indelible marks on our consciousness, affecting our long-term perceptions and attitudes about certain things. Hot Wheels may inspire a lifelong fascination with fast, flashy automobiles, while Barbies might shape ideas about beauty and self-image. For the generation who grew up during the Atomic Age—the post–World War II era from roughly the mid-1940s to the early 1960s—the toys, games, and entertainment of their childhoods might have included things like atomic pistols, atomic trains, rings with tiny amounts of radioactive elements, and comic books, puzzles, and music about nuclear weapons.
Po-Jung Chiu, Chung-Kung Lo, Tai-Hung Wu
Nuclear Technology | Volume 209 | Number 1 | January 2023 | Pages 53-68
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2022.2105633
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
We discuss the specific risk significance in the extended pre-defueled (PD) phase of the decommissioning process, particularly if spent fuels are still in the core due to the low-power and shutdown refueling plant operating state (POS). The issue of full-core discharge capability after permanent shutdown during the PD phase motivated this study on the evolution of system risks using a reference plant design of the two-unit/BWR-4/Mark-I.
The effects of the reactor core and the spent fuel pool (SFP) on the incorporative risks are explored. The probabilistic risk assessment methodology, including the technical elements, is systematically developed by defining two primary configurations from the internal event analysis under the models 30, 60, 180, 365, and 942 days after permanent shutdown, respectively. The movable refueling gate between the reactor core and the SFP, as well as the residual heat removal (RHR) system, have been subjected to two sensitivity studies on system configurations in order to examine the induced impacts by the refueling gate and cooling systems. MELCOR, a realistic thermal-hydraulic code, is utilized to determine the decay heat levels and the success criteria after shutdown. The two operator tasks are assumed to be independent in the situation of decreasing decay heat after shutdown and a long time available for human actions.
In addition, the WinNUPRA software package is used for the fuel uncovery sequence quantification. Plant-centered loss-of-offsite power (LOOP), flow diversion loss-of-coolant accidents (LOCAs) to the suppression pool via the RHR system, switchyard-centered LOOPs, and LOCAs in the connected systems via the RHR, have proven to be the most significant initiating events for the configurations. When compared to the low-power and shutdown refueling POS, the realistic quantification results in terms of fuel uncovery frequencies and the evolution of the risk profile for the basic and sensitivity configurations meet the expectations under the PD-phase condition of low-decay heat levels.