Radioisotope identification (RIID) is a representative application of deep learning for radiation measurements. Deep learning-based RIID models have been implemented in various types of radiation detectors; however, very few of these models have been interpreted using explainable artificial intelligence (XAI) methods. This paper presents an explanation of a deep learning–based RIID model for a plastic scintillation detector. The RIID task is defined as a multilabel binary classification problem, and the dataset is generated using a random sampling procedure. The identification performance is verified using experimental data. The experimental results demonstrate that the performance of the RIID models increased with the increase in the total counts of the dataset. Additionally, XAI methods are implemented, and their explanatory performance is verified for the spectral input. The domain knowledge of RIID for the plastic scintillation detector is that patterns near the Compton edge can be used as evidence for the existence of radioisotopes. Among the implemented XAI methods, integrated gradient and layerwise relevance propagation exhibited concurrence with the domain knowledge, with the Shapley value explanation method presenting the most reliable results.