ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
Education, Training & Workforce Development
The Education, Training & Workforce Development Division provides communication among the academic, industrial, and governmental communities through the exchange of views and information on matters related to education, training and workforce development in nuclear and radiological science, engineering, and technology. Industry leaders, education and training professionals, and interested students work together through Society-sponsored meetings and publications, to enrich their professional development, to educate the general public, and to advance nuclear and radiological science and engineering.
Materials in Nuclear Energy Systems (MiNES 2023)
December 10–14, 2023
New Orleans, LA|New Orleans Marriott
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
Latest Magazine Issues
Latest Journal Issues
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Eisenhower’s “Atoms for Peace” at 70
Seventy years ago to the day, President Dwight D. Eisenhower gave his historic address to the United Nations General Assembly in New York City. (See December 2023 Nuclear News's “Leaders” column to read the reflections of Kathryn Huff, the Department of Energy’s assistant secretary for nuclear energy, on the speech’s anniversary.)
Zixu Xu, Guofeng Qu, Min Yan, Su Shen, Yu Huang, Xin Zhang, Lei Chen, Xingquan Liu, Jifeng Han
Nuclear Technology | Volume 208 | Number 12 | December 2022 | Pages 1847-1857
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2022.2076489
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The performance of a prompt gamma neutron activation analysis (PGNAA) system for lower-weight landmine detection is investigated in this study. A total of 2880 characteristic gamma-ray spectra of 10 buried samples (five explosives and five nonexplosives), within a weight range of 0.01 to 10 kg and a hidden depth of 2.5 to 15 cm, under 0%, 10%, and 20% soil moisture conditions, were generated using Monte Carlo N-Particle Code 5 (MCNP5). The conventional characteristic peak analysis method was not applicable to lower-weight sample detection. The discrimination accuracy was acceptable only under 0% soil moisture when explosives exceeded 2 kg with the discrimination accuracy exceeding 80%. Four machine learning models, including radial basis function (RBF) neural network, fully connected neural network, XGBoost, and LightGBM, were used to perform whole-spectrum analysis, and better performance was demonstrated. The discrimination accuracy exceeded 90% in most cases, and the RBF neural network was demonstrated to be the best performance (96.6% for explosives and 95.1% for nonexplosives). All four of these models were insensitive to soil moisture. The minimum detectable weight of 0.02 kg for the simulation data provided valuable reference for experimental applications. These results indicate that machine learning was an effective method for lower-weight landmine detection using PGNAA under complicated conditions.