ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
The division provides a forum for focused technical dialogue on thermal hydraulic technology in the nuclear industry. Specifically, this will include heat transfer and fluid mechanics involved in the utilization of nuclear energy. It is intended to attract the highest quality of theoretical and experimental work to ANS, including research on basic phenomena and application to nuclear system design.
Conference on Nuclear Training and Education: A Biennial International Forum (CONTE 2023)
February 6–9, 2023
Amelia Island, FL|Omni Amelia Island Resort
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Nuclear energy: enabling production of food, fiber, hydrocarbon biofuels, and negative carbon emissions
In the 1960s, Alvin Weinberg at Oak Ridge National Laboratory initiated a series of studies on nuclear agro-industrial complexes1 to address the needs of the world’s growing population. Agriculture was a central component of these studies, as it must be. Much of the emphasis was on desalination of seawater to provide fresh water for irrigation of crops. Remarkable advances have lowered the cost of desalination to make that option viable in countries like Israel. Later studies2 asked the question, are there sufficient minerals (potassium, phosphorous, copper, nickel, etc.) to enable a prosperous global society assuming sufficient nuclear energy? The answer was a qualified “yes,” with the caveat that mineral resources will limit some technological options. These studies were defined by the characteristic of looking across agricultural and industrial sectors to address multiple challenges using nuclear energy.
S. Esnouf, A. Dannoux-Papin, C. Chapuzet, V. Roux-Serret, V. Piovesan, F. Cochin
Nuclear Technology | Volume 208 | Number 12 | December 2022 | Pages 1806-1821
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2022.2081481
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission and Orano have developed a modeling tool named the Simulation TOol Of RAdiolysis Gas Emission (STORAGE) for assessing gas generation of intermediate-level waste (ILW). The first version of this model was designed to estimate gas (more specifically hydrogen) production by radiolysis of organic and water-containing materials.
The code deals with different types of waste packages: metal drums, concrete drums, bitumen packages, and compacted waste containers. Diverse radioactive waste can be handled: spent fuel cladding, reprocessing sludge, contaminated technological waste (gloves, bags, bottles, etc.), ion exchange resin, etc.
The validity of the model was evaluated using a series of measurements performed on U,Pu–contaminated solid waste from the Orano plutonium laboratories at the MELOX facility. A benchmark study for compacted waste containers was also implemented; the results of STORAGE were compared with reference calculations performed by Orano Projets.
Future improvements of the STORAGE model are also presented.